Distinct success behaviors that characterize long-term weight loss include: frequent self-monitoring and self-weighing, reduced calorie intake, smaller and more frequent meals/snacks throughout the day, increased physical activity, consistently eating breakfast, more frequent at-home meals compared with restaurant and fast-food meals, reducing screen time, and use of portion-controlled meals or meal substitutes.
BAD GENETICS? IS OBESITY GENETIC OR ENVIRONMENTAL SUMMARY
- Scientists have often debated is obesity genetic or environmentally caused?
- Genetic and environmental factors of obesity can both contribute to obesity.
- Much of the information we receive about dieting comes from social media and other resources.
- Some people don’t gain weight in response to overfeeding, others do gain weight in response to overfeeding. The response is highly variable.
- Rebound weight gain causes body fat cells to increase in number more than before starting a diet.
DO YOU HAVE A GENETIC DISPOSITION FOR OBESITY?
The primary objective of your diet would be to further determine whether your body composition changes are coming from the right changes in muscle and fat. A well-designed diet should have a lean mass increase or be maintained during a diet while losing body fat. It’s pretty easy to lose weight by just reducing your calories by creating a large calorie deficit, but as a result, you will also lose large amounts of muscle, which wreaks havoc on your metabolism.
Everyone is looking for the quick fix in which you go down this Wizard of Oz path, only to find that the magic diet everyone is looking for is basically just physics. Whether it’s a ketogenic diet, a low-fat, paleo, intermittent fasting, or whatever diet you decide to follow, all diets come down to creating a caloric deficit.
Social media has bombarded viewers which advertisements that claim to eat certain fat-burning foods and ingredients increase calories burned at rest and burn more fat. Detox and slimming teas that burn fat, supplements that block fat absorption from foods, juicing for better health, there is an endless list of scams.
There is no research to support the use of detox diets for weight management or toxin elimination.(1) A case study reported that a woman was admitted to the emergency room for electrolytes dysfunction from a “detox tea” that likely exhibited a diuretic effect.(2)
Is Obesity Genetic or Environmental: Carbs Debate
Advocates of a particular diet as a way of life often demonize foods that lead are claimed to result in fat accumulation, such as bread, pasta, rice, etc. Some of the most popular phrases why people are not losing weight are: “Carbs make you fat.” “Carbs after 6 PM will cause you to become fat” or “I have a slow metabolism.” Others tout the use of fat-burning ingredients.
Some of the most common examples are “drink and consume fat-burning foods” (e.g., pineapple, ginger, onion, avocado, asparagus, celery, chili, broccoli, green tea, garlic, etc.) to lose weight. There is no shortage of misinformation regarding the best diet to lose body fat and gain muscle.
ARE YOU GETTING YOUR INFORMATION FROM CREDIBLE SOURCES?
Today, just about everyone is trying some form of new dieting. The obesity epidemic is not getting improving; in fact, it is getting worse. Based on current global trends, almost 64% of the population will be either obese or overweight by the year 2025, compared to 54% in 2000.(3)
Low Carb, low fat, Carnivore, Paleo, Vegan, Intermittent Fasting, High Protein, Clean Eating, etc., the list of diets is endless in 2022. The top 10 Google searched diets in America in 2021 were ranked from most searched to least searched: Keto Diet, Vegan Diet, Intermittent fasting, Weight Watchers, Vegetarian Diet, Mediterranean Diet, Paleo Diet, Optavia Diet, Dash Diet, and Atkins Diet.
Good sources of information about diets are further complicated by people not knowing the difference between a registered dietician and a nutritionist. A registered dietician is a nutrition expert that has met and completed academic and professional requirements for administering dietary counseling by passing a national board certification.
Is Obesity Genetic or Environmental: Good Information is Essential
A nutritionist has a broad range of credentials and expertise, but in many states, anyone can call themself a nutritionist without any formal education. Many people do not understand the difference between a registered dietician and a nutritionist.(4) With social media growing at a staggering rate, many people are looking on the internet and advice for information about diet, losing fat, and gaining muscle.
A survey of models found some alarming relationships between their beliefs about food and their practices of weight loss. 62% had a negative body image, 69% were trying to lose weight from a fad diet, and their nutritional status was below normal values. Based on the fad diet, most of the models believed in consuming drinks that are believed to eliminate fat (slimming products such as shakers, slimming tea, and fibrous drinks) as much as 57.6% and dietary methods by consuming one type of food only (carbohydrates, protein alone, or fruit and vegetables only) with a percentage of 55.7%.(5)
There is an endless debate on social media about diet superiority. If a person claims you are not losing weight because you don’t follow a particular diet, X is a red flag. Some will advocate that they have research studies to validate their claims and cherry-pick studies (i.e., only promote studies that justify their cause while ignoring conflicting data) to justify their beliefs about why they should follow a diet. All diets work by creating a caloric deficit! The diet that you should follow is the one that works best for you. It may be keto, a modified carbohydrate diet, or low fat.
BAD GENETICS? IS OBESITY GENETIC OR ENVIRONMENTAL?
The diet that works best for you should be the one you can follow for a prolonged period of time. If you can only stick to a diet for a few weeks, then what’s the point of following a plan that is not sustainable? The goal of any diet should be long-term adherence. Nearly 22 years ago, an article titled “Popular Diets: A Scientific Review” by Freedman and Kennedy concluded that all popular diets and diets recommended by governmental and non-governmental organizations result in weight loss by caloric restriction. However, it is important to note that weight loss is not the same as weight maintenance.(6) They further concluded,
“The American public needs to be told (and believe) that diets are not followed for 8 days, 8 weeks, or 8 months, but rather form the basis of everyday food choices throughout their life.”
-Freedman and Kennedy. Obesity Research, 2001